April 19, 2018
Taliban insurgents recently forcibly shut down the services of private telecommunications companies in areas under their control in Afghanistan’s southern Helmand province.
Residents said the action cut off their mobile phone service for the past five days.
Local communications officials said the Taliban “believe the Afghan government is utilizing private communication systems for military and intelligence operations,” Omidullah Zaheer, communications director of Helmand province, told VOA.
“In a note to all communication companies, Taliban warned them to stop their operations,” Zaheer added.
The insurgents reportedly forcibly shut down at least 120 communications towers, perhaps in a bid to disrupt Afghan military operations in the province.
Afghan defense officials, however, said the disruption would not affect their communications because they have their own communications system.
“Our forces have their own tactical communication system and do not use or rely on private communication services,” Mohammad Radmanesh, a spokesman for the Afghan defense ministry, told VOA. The disruption, he said, “would only create problems for local residents.”
The Afghan military recently launched an operation nicknamed “Nusrat” in Helmand to push the Taliban out of their strongholds.
Other affected sites
Helmand is not the only place that the Taliban shut down telecommunications services. Local officials said the insurgent group pressured communications companies to cut operations to just a few hours a day in parts of southern Uruzgan and Zabul provinces.
Private communications companies that provide mobile and internet services in the areas declined to comment on the issue, fearing their comments would upset the insurgents.
Radmanesh of the Afghan defense ministry did not rule out opium harvest season as a possible motive behind the Taliban’s move against communication services. He said the insurgents want to prevent locals from tipping off security forces about Taliban presence in poppy fields.
Taliban insurgents get close to 60 percent of their revenue from narcotics activities, including smuggling and taxing local growers.
According to a report by the U.N. Office on Drug and Crime, the total area under opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan was estimated at 328,000 hectares (1,266 square miles) in 2017, a 63 percent increase compared with 2016.
“In Helmand province alone, cultivation increased by 63,700 hectares (+79%), which accounted for about half of the total national increase,” the U.N. report said.
A new air campaign against Taliban financial streams began in November 2017 under President Donald Trump’s new Afghan war strategy, which has destroyed hundreds of Taliban’s drug-processing labs in different parts of the country, including in southern Helmand province.
Azizullah Popal contributed to this report from Kandahar.